What is a safe haven currency?
The safe currency is considered safe during geopolitical and economic shocks. Therefore, when events such as natural disasters, wars and stock market crashes occur, currency traders invest in safe havens, increasing the value of the asylum currency and reducing the value of the currencies concerned, even if events may not have happened. had a clear impact on the currency in question.
What makes currency a safe haven?
Because of the popularity of curry-trade, interest rate spreads are often associated with safe zone status. However, this trend is not the same for the entire market, as it is a currency trading factor only in developed countries and not in emerging economies. This means that the liquidity of the traded currency is the driving force behind the safe haven status, as major currency pairs have more liquidity than exotic currency pairs.
When global risk aversion is high, liquidity in some markets may run out, forcing traders to invest in highly liquid currencies. This, in turn, gives an additional boost to more liquid currencies.
For a country to be considered safe and low-risk, it must be isolated from global events during a crisis and have good foundations such as economic governance and strong industry. In theory, the currencies of these countries can be considered as safe haven currencies.
In practice, it is becoming increasingly difficult to isolate in an increasingly globalizing world. Factors such as the size of a country’s stock market, which indicates its financial development and the size of its market, now seem to outweigh the external vulnerability associated with its position in net foreign assets.
What currencies are considered safe havens?
USD, CHF and JPY are considered safe haven currencies. However, because of the curry trade, the fact that the Japanese yen is growing in times of global turbulence is more likely to be a reversal of investor curry trades (which usually have a long position on high-yielding currencies against low-interest-rate currencies.
The Swiss franc is considered a safe haven for several reasons:
Liquidity. The Swiss franc is a very liquid currency pegged to the US dollar.
- Switzerland has a very competitive business environment, low corporate taxation, a transparent economy and a good history of economic management.
- Switzerland has always been neutral, so it is considered to be less likely to be affected by political unrest in Europe than by the euro.
- The Swiss National Bank holds most of its gold reserves, so the Swiss franc is rising with the price of gold.
Although the Swiss franc briefly lost popularity during the global financial crisis due to its exposure to the banking sector, it has since regained its position as a haven currency and has attracted investors as various members of the eurozone.
Why is a dollar a safe haven?
When we look at the factors that help make the currency a safe haven, the US and the dollar are not. The United States is not isolated from world events, its main trading partners are in North and Central America, Asia and Europe. The United States has not fully recovered from the financial crisis, unemployment is still around 10%, and growth slows for the three quarters to June 2011.
So why do currencies such as the Australian dollar and the Canadian dollar come from countries that have not experienced a banking crisis or recession, and both countries have a strong economy and lower unemployment than the states? United, not considered a currency-asylum?
The Australian dollar, the Canadian dollar and the New York dollar are commodity currencies, which means that because commodity exports contribute to their GDP, they usually benefit from high commodity prices. The world economy encourages high commodity prices, which means that when the world economy is in trouble, these currencies depreciate as investors turn to safe-haven stocks.
This brings us back to the question: why is the US dollar a safe haven?
The main reasons for this are the size of the U.S. economy, including the widespread use of the U.S. dollar around the world, the belief in the dollar as a safe haven and the liquidity of the U.S. dollar.
Most currency transactions use the US dollar – all major currency pairs are pegged to the US dollar, and formulas for calculating exchange rates between crosses (currency pairs that do not include the U.S. dollar) use the exchange rate of the US dollar. Since liquidity is how currency traders make short-term profits, there are always a lot of long and short trades on the US dollar. We have already mentioned that in adverse risk conditions, liquidity in some markets is depleted. This encourages more traders to invest in more liquid currencies, where the U.S. dollar is at the top.
Given that the US dollar has for many years been considered the best safe haven currency in the world, there is a feeling in the market that the dollar is safe no matter what current economic data may show. This is one of the reasons why the dollar strengthened in 2008, despite the financial crisis – it has always been considered safer than other markets.
The main reason the dollar is seen as a safe haven is that the dollar is “too big to go bankrupt.” There are now more U.S. dollars in circulation than any other currency in the world, with two thirds of the world’s other foreign exchange reserves denominated in US dollars. If the dollar falls too much, it will affect world markets. The dominance of the United States dollar and the dominance of the United States in world trade means that other central banks will not allow the dollar to collapse.